Bali is a province and island in Indonesia. Around four million people live in this province, whose capital is Denpasar. Every year, an estimated six million tourists visit the island. Bali's economic growth is therefore mainly due to tourism, but the benefits of booming tourism do not reach everyone.
About 200,000 people on the island still earn less than $30 per month. Moreover, proper waste disposal is a major problem. The prevalence of HIV/AIDS is one of the highest in Indonesia.
Children are particularly vulnerable due to these difficult living conditions.
Since 1989, SOS Children’s Villages has been supporting children, young people and families and advocating for their rights in Bali.
In Indonesia, about half a million people are living with the HIV/AIDS virus, including 19,000 children. In Bali especially, 22,000 people are living with HIV/AIDS. The country's national strategy aims to end AIDS by 2030.
People suffer not only from the disease, but especially from the social stigma and discrimination that comes with the disease. Due to the low level of knowledge about the disease, not many people recognise the symptoms and therefore do not receive medical treatment at an early stage.
Children who have lost their parents to HIV/AIDS have to fend for themselves and often have to take care of their siblings.
Indonesia faces massive problems when it comes to managing plastic waste.
In Bali specifically, 4,000 tons of waste are generated every day, only half of which is recycled and sent to landfills. An astonishing 30% of waste is disposed of illegally, and an estimated 33,000 tons of plastic waste ends up in the sea every year. For this reason, the Bali provincial government has introduced an action plan to eliminate single-use plastic, which is a step in the right direction.
Children are particularly vulnerable to the lack of waste management. Indeed, pollution has a negative impact on their health and living conditions.