Quy Nhon is the capital city of the coastal province of Binh Dinh in central Vietnam. The city is home to an estimated 289,000 people and an increasing number of people are moving to the city.
Traditionally the area has lived off agriculture, fishing and aquafarming, however in the recent past services, especially those linked to tourism, and manufacturing, especially of furniture, have played an increasing role.
Since 2011, SOS Children’s Villages has been supporting children, young people and families and advocating for their rights in Quy Nhon.
Many people, particularly those living off agriculture and fishing or those in precarious jobs in urban areas, continue to struggle to meet their basic needs. The remote mountainous areas of the Binh Dinh province, where Quy Nhon is located, are populated by ethnic minority families, whose children often face difficult living conditions.
The infant mortality rate is higher than amongst other groups and their health is worse. Only 39% of children aged 6-23 months among ethnic minorities had a properly nutritious diet in 2019. There are also many vulnerable children in the low-lying parts of the province. People trying to make a living here often see their efforts destroyed by natural disasters.
Vietnam has an HIV/AIDS prevalence rate of 0.3%. In recent years, HIV testing services have been decentralized to increase access for people to get tested more regularly.
The number of people living with HIV/AIDS is believed to be increasing. And so, children sometimes bear the burden of being HIV positive or losing parental care if their families are sick or die.
The most recent data from 2018, estimates that 83,000 children were left without parental care due to AIDS in Vietnam.