SOS Children’s Villages ensures that children grow up with the care, protection and relationships they need to become their strongest selves (photo: SOS Children’s Villages Thailand).

Thailand, formerly known as Siam, is a country in Southeast Asia. About 70 million people live in the kingdom, 11 million of them in the capital Bangkok. Thailand is the second largest economy in Southeast Asia, based mainly on the export of machinery and chemicals. It is also one of the most visited countries in the world: 38 million tourists travel through the country every year to enjoy the beautiful nature and delicious food. However, the country is also marked by political conflicts. In addition, Thailand is one of the most unequal countries in the world in terms of income disparity between its provinces. .

SOS Children’s Villages has been supporting children and young people without parental care, or at risk of losing it, in Thailand since 1974.

Children are at risk

16% of people living in Thailand are children. Despite the rapid economic growth of Thailand, the country is struggling with different issues, and in turn children are most vulnerable. Around 10% of the total population and 21% children in Thailand live in poverty. Furthermore, children in Thailand are at risk of being trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation and of experiencing physical and psychological violence
Of trafficked individuals are children worldwide

Sexual exploitation

About 33% of all victims of human trafficking worldwide are children. Of these, 50% are trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation. In Thailand, children are still trafficked and abducted for commercial sexual exploitation. Children who come from socially vulnerable backgrounds are at higher risk of becoming victims of traffickers. The emotional damage a child suffers from prostitution is profound. There is also an increased risk of child pregnancy and violence. Although the exact number of children affected in Thailand is not known, countless children are exposed to these risks every year.

Of children in Thailand live in poverty

Widespread poverty

Around 10% of the population in Thailand lives in poverty. For children specifically, 21% live in multidimensional poverty. 38% of these children live in the northeast of the country. Thailand has a rapidly growing economy, as well as growing inequality between the different population groups. The top 10% of the population holds 79% of the country’s wealth. Income and consumption levels vary greatly among the provinces, making it the fourth country in the world with the largest income inequality gap.

Of children have suffered from physical violence


In 2021, 75% of children have experienced physical violence by family members. In addition, 40% of children were victims of psychological aggression. Children are not only at risk of violence at home, but also at school, where teachers use violent forms of corporal punishment even though this is prohibited. The prevalence of violence tends to be attributed to the fact that it is socially accepted as an educational tool: 58% of parents and caregivers believe that corporal punishment is necessary in education.

Together we can make a difference for children in Thailand

Adults and children
Are supported in the community
Children and young people
Learn at our kindergartens and schools
Children and young people
Grow up in our care
Young people
Are supported on their way to independence
Kanittha, an SOS mother at SOS Children’s Villages Thailand, realises how important education is for children. “The main things I want for the children I care for now is that they pay attention to their schooling; and take good responsibility for themselves. I hope they finish their education so that they can pursue their abilities“ (photo: SOS Children’s Villages Thailand).

Working together for sustainable development

In 2015, leaders from 193 countries committed to the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. This 15 year plan aims to improve the lives of people by ending poverty, fighting inequality and protecting the planet.
GOAL 1: End poverty
SOS Children’s Villages supports families and communities to keep families together and to help them break out of the cycle of poverty.
GOAL 4: Ensure quality education for all
Every child and young person SOS Children’s Villages supports has access to education, from kindergarten right up to vocational training or university.
GOAL 8: Equal job opportunities for all
SOS Children’s Villages supports young people in developing the skills and self-confidence they need to find decent work and train parents so that they can have a stable income.
GOAL 10: Reduce inequalities
SOS Children’s Villages works to keep children safe by promoting peaceful and inclusive communities. We provide training on children’s rights and positive parenting. .
GOAL 16: Promote peaceful and inclusive societies
We advocate laws and practices that ensure social inclusion and protection for children and young people without parental care or from marginalized households.

Let’s keep on protecting children and young people!

Many children have been able to find a safe and secure home. With your help, we can continue to change their lives