Huancayo is located in the central highlands of Peru. One of the world’s highest train routes, the trans-Andean Ferrocarril Central Andino, connects Huancayo with Peru’s capital city of Lima.
Huancayo is an important economic centre and many families move here in search of a better life. There are deprived districts in Huancayo where families live in crowded conditions without enough food. As a result, children and young people face many challenges, for example from chronic malnutrition and anaemia.
Since 2000, SOS Children’s Villages has been supporting children, young people and families and advocating for their rights in Huancayo.
Around 27% of the population of the region where Huancayo is located, are living in poverty. And 4% are living in extreme poverty.
As many of these families struggle to make ends meet, children are often forced to drop out of school. They need to contribute to the family income by helping with farming and caring for the livestock.
But there is more sinister child labour, where vulnerable children and young people are tricked into fake employment offers and end up in exploitative conditions such as commercial sexual exploitation.
According to national survey data, nearly 50% of women in Peru experience some form of violence. Violence can be emotional, physical or sexual.
Around 1 in 10 women suffer sexual violence in Peru. Violence against women is the most widespread form of violence in the country.
Older women, and those who are working, suffer more domestic violence. The level of education of the aggressor directly correlates with the level of violence.