Bangalore is a city located in the Karnataka state, in South India. With around 8 million inhabitants, it is the third largest city in India. The city is known as “the Silicon Valley of India” as it is a global ICT centre.
Bangalore is the fastest growing city in India, but despite the city flourishing, inequality is growing between different groups of the population.
Many Bangaloreans live below the poverty line, and 20% live in slums on the border of the city. Children are especially vulnerable to these poor living conditions, with many missing out on education. Girls are also at risk of forced marriages.
Since 1990, SOS Children’s Villages has been supporting children, young people and families and advocating for their rights in Bangalore.
India has highest number of child marriages in the world. This means 27% of women aged 20 to 24 were first married before 18. Child marriage is a violation of the universal declaration of human rights, and the emotional damage a child suffers from a forced union is profound. There is also an increased risk of child pregnancies and domestic violence.In the state of Karnataka specifically, where Bangalore is located, 21% of girls were married as a child. The government must work hard to meet its national target to end child marriage by 2030.
In Karnataka, a state in South India, 4,5 million people live in slums. Bangalore, located in this state, is the fastest-growing city in India, and the infrastructure has been unable to keep up with this development. There is a lack of affordable housing, adequate sanitation and safe drinking water.Often people who move to Bangalore in search of a better life and job opportunities, end up in one of the approximate 600 slums at the border of the city.Those slums vary in size, with the biggest one, called Pillaganahalli, has over 2,200 households. Children are most vulnerable to the poverty in these slums, lacking access to health and education.